If you own property in Spain and you do not live in Spain you may not be aware that you are liable to pay Spanish non-resident income tax. This is not unusual. Many people own property in Spain for several years without being aware that they must pay non resident income tax.
After many years of passivity in relation to the payment of this tax, the Spanish tax agency has commenced a period of activity and it is issuing tax demands for unpaid non resident income tax. Demands are being issued for unpaid tax in the years 2014, 2015 and 2016, with demands for 2017 sure to follow. Interest is payable on the balance owed and further penalties may be payable later. The recipient of the demand is given 10 days in which to make payment from the date of receipt of the demand.
What is Spanish non resident income tax?
If you own a property in Spain but do not let it to tenants then you are required to submit an annual return for non resident income tax. If you do let the property to tenants on a temporary basis then you are required to submit quarterly returns declaring the net income received in each quarter, taking into consideration the allowable expenses incurred. If you do not let the property during a particular quarter then you will still need to submit an annual return in relation to the quarters in respect of which you have not yet paid tax.
To the extent that you do not let your property to tenants, you can expect to pay an annual non resident tax that is calculated on the basis of the rateable value of the property. The reality is that the tax payable will usually be very low, most often based on 1.1% of the rateable value, taxed at the rate of 19% (or 24% for those not resident in the EU). So that is 0.209% of the rateable value for EU residents, not a high tax at all.
If you do let your property on a temporary lettings basis then you can expect to pay tax quarterly on the net income earned at a rate of 19% (or 24% for those not resident in the EU), taking into consideration deductible expenses.
What can I do if I’ve received a demand?
It will benefit you to act quickly in order to avoid incurring further penalties. It will be necessary to complete and submit the tax returns, calculate the tax due and make payment of the amount owing within the time specified in the demand.
In order to avoid receiving future demands, or even if you have not yet received a tax demand, you should ensure that you submit your annual non resident income tax return and make payment of the tax promptly.
It is important to note that even if you have owned a Spanish property for many years and have never paid non resident’s income tax in Spain, at the time of writing (March 2019) you are only required to pay that tax from 2014, that is the four tax years prior to 2018. Hence, even if you have not recently received a tax demand, you can normalise your position by making payment of non resident tax from 2014 onwards.
Spanish taxation can be complex if you are not familiar with the forms, or the rules for the payment of taxes in Spain. We can advise and assist. Contact us today to discuss our fixed fee non resident income tax service. Or, email us now at firstname.lastname@example.org to receive a quote today.